Understanding customers is so important that large corporations spend millions of dollars annually on market research to gain this knowledge. Although formal research is important, a small business can usually avoid this expense. Typically, the owner or manager of a small business knows the customers personally, which is an added advantage. From this personal foundation, understanding your customers can be built through systematic efforts.
Find out the customers’ needs, as the common names of products mean as little to them as the chemical names on the label of a proprietary drug. A sick person’s real need is safety, speed, and relief. Understanding your customers’ needs enables you to profit by providing what buyers seek – satisfaction results.
Products change, but basic benefits like personal hygiene, attractiveness, safety, entertainment, and privacy endure, as do commercial purposes such as quests for competitive superiority or profitability. Successful manufacturers, retailers, and service businesses produce benefits for which customers are willing to pay. In other words, successful businesses understand the reason for their customers’ buying decisions.
Determining why customers choose one company over another is challenging. Customers themselves don’t always know. They may think they patronize a business because the products or services are better than another’s, when in reality it’s something else. Perhaps they know, like, and trust the employee or salesperson that is the company spokesperson. Or maybe their business associate or friend mentioned it to them last week.
The reason customers buy is based on logic from “their point of view.” Understanding customers derives from this fundamental premise. Every customer has unique and individual goals, pressures, and purchase criteria. If customers feel indifferent toward a product or business, the selection is more apt to be happenstance. Just as important as why customers buy is why former customers take their patronage elsewhere. Also, why are qualified buyers not buying? What is keeping them from buying? Many factors affect why a customer will buy products or services from you rather than your competition such as Awareness, Features and Benefits, Price, Brand and/or Reputation, Convenience, and Word of Mouth.
Many buying decisions from customers are postponed because there is not an emotional motivation for the product or service being offered. Timing is critical for the standard 3 to 5 percent buying cycle timeline for your customer. This is the time cycle percentage when customers are most likely ready to buy. The other 95 to 97 percent of the time, they are just shopping and do not have an emotional buy in.
When customers are ready to buy, be ready! A business must be ready to sell when the buyer is ready to purchase, lest an opportunity be irretrievably lost. Customers buy when they want an offering that is relevant to them and when they have time and money to purchase it. Keeping a customer relations management database with pertinent buying patterns is a great way to focus on this.
Customers make purchases to satisfy needs. These may be economic, physical, or emotional needs. Customers may perceive wants and needs to be the same. If customers need something, they want it. If customers want something, they need it.
It is important to remember that needs and wants are not always generated by a problem that needs to be solved. Personal preferences and desires of customers play a large part in customer purchase decisions. It has been found that buyers generally behave rationally whenever buying decisions are made. Customers buy to gain the benefits of the products and services they find of interest. If customers do not think they are getting a good deal, you are not likely to close a sale.
To sell anything, whether in a retail store environment or on the Internet, you have to understand the typical steps that your customer will take before handing over hard-earned cash such as Recognition, Information Research, Examination of Alternatives and Buying Decision and Purchase Evaluation. Once the purchase is made, there is a strong and logical tendency to examine the decision.
Whatever location is chosen for a company, make an effort to become familiar with the habits, likes, and dislikes of your customers, whether in a retail environment or on the Internet. Location is extremely important to “captive” buyers. If a company is easy to get to and is well branded for location, a customer will stop by on the way to work, at lunch, after work, or even take part of the day to come visit.
Other customer influences include the type of product or service, the type of store, and the characteristics of the customer. The offered products and services’ perceived quality, depth, breadth, and price are very important. This does not imply that all products have to be top quality or that all prices need to be the lowest.
Not everyone is your customer and it is sometimes difficult for small business owners to acknowledge this. However, when they do, they can best advertise and market to their target customer.
While you can’t win all the customers all the time, you can win with a certain demographic when you create a unique niche for yourself using decor and special catalog items that satisfy your chosen group of customers.
Having a good understanding of customers enables a company to increase sales and revenue. This same understanding can equally serve to reduce costs. Higher sales at lower costs inevitably boost profits.
Overall, it may be your service – not your price – that dictates whether or not you secure customers for the long term. If you give customers what they want, the way they want it, when they want it, and follow through with a fast finish in the end, you are much more likely to turn those customers into satisfied repeat customers.